You could get students to look at examples and draw flow charts of how they perceive the organisation. Examples of moves in a factual essay can include presenting an argument, supporting an argument, and predicting possible outcomes. This is something which students focused on earlier in the unit, so, as well as fleshing out the narrative structure, it acts as a review.
Is the content in any particular order? Students compare the examples of adverbs they can find in the text with the rules and examples in the box. A typical product writing lesson might involve: Different genres of texts have different organising principles. We can, of course, also do this in the classroom, but often we are engaged more in rehearsing skills that can later be applied outside the class.
Make sure that the text is more than just reproducing a model, ideally that it has some personal meaning. At this stage, learners should also pay attention to moves i. Journal of Second Language Writing, 16 3 Comparing Theory and practice The goal of the setting the context stage is to explore the communicative purpose e.
At the independent construction stage, learners write their essays with support from teachers if necessary. This approach undoubtedly has its roots in the product approach.
You may notice that there are prompt questions referring to colours and adjectives used to describe the background, and to what the characters say. However, the genre approach to writing still places a lot of emphasis on the context and purpose for which the writing is produced.
For example, in the IELTS text type mentioned above, perhaps they could write up the results of their own surveys? The difference he says is that in the latter, the students are working on controlling the language, rather than the teacher trying to control what language the students can use.
Putting several texts of the genre you want your students to learn to write into a text based concordance, such as that at www. Learners can read a text and discuss its communicative purpose with their classmates.
The aim of the joint construction stage is to reinforce features that learners identified at the modelling stage. At the top of the post is an example from Real Life Advanced an upper secondary coursebook of how I have tried to take a genre approach to writing.
For example, an IELTS Part 1 Writing Task, describing a graph, usually begins by stating what the graph shows, then may provide an overview before detailing the key pieces of information or the overview may come at the end.
You can choose some language which seems particularly relevant to the task or you might use corpora to identify language on which to focus. Language, literacy and L2 writing instruction.
The key stages are: They are encouraged to use the same structure, but the content is personal to them and their experiences or knowledge. Finally, at the comparing stage, learners compare and contrast the communicative purpose and language characteristics of the genre they have learned with other genres.
English in academic and research settings.
At this stage, I suggest that learners can apply a process approach to writing see What is process approach to writing? Each of these has quite specific features in terms of organisation and language, and the genre approach usually takes a model and gets the students to analyse these features, before producing something similar.
In writing, as in speaking, this is about exposing learners to features of written language and setting tasks which will help them to notice the salient features. By genre we mean different types of writing such as narrative, report, informal letter and so on.
At the modelling stage, teachers can guide learners to identify language features e. This can obviously apply just as well to writing as to speaking. Research or think about how this genre of writing usually starts and finishes.evidence for the effectiveness of using genre-based Approachin developing students' writing performance and attitudes towards writing.
Further, the study highlighted the advantages of using genre-based approach in developing writing skills and attitudes towards writing.
Genre based approach is more ideal than non-genre based approach in the teaching of writing and reading for most ESL learner.
Genre-Based Approach in Improving Students' Writing The genre framework supports students’ writing with generalized, systematic guiding principles about how to produce meaningful passages. Approaches to teach reading Naziha Hisham. The Process Approach to Writing. At this stage, I suggest that learners can apply a process approach to writing (see What is process approach to writing?).
Finally, at the comparing stage, learners compare and contrast the communicative purpose and language characteristics of the genre they have learned with other genres. References. Hyland, K. ().Download