Fractional distillation and gas chromatography essay

Fractional Distillation & Gas Chromatography Essay Sample

Accessed 22 January Even though both hexane and methylchloride are volatile, they have different chemical properties to allow for separation and analysis.

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Column and flask were wrapped around sides with fiberglass and foil for insulation. Finally, the concentration of a compound in the gas phase is solely a function of the vapor pressure of the gas.

This could allow molecules with a higher boiling point to gain kinetic energy before the molecules with the lower boiling point, which would create impure fractions. All vials were weighed, sealed and left for 2 weeks. Analysis via gas chromatography allowed us to determine the relative percentage of hexane and toluene at fractions near the beginning and end of our distillations.

External links Use this section to provide links to relevant material on websites other than PetroWiki and OnePetro See also.

Gas chromatography

The stationary phase is a microscopic layer of liquid or polymer on an inert solid support, inside a piece of glass or metal tubing called a column. Allowing the temperature to increase too quickly can cause impurity for the same reason.

Although distillation is a good separation technique it is still necessary to ensure that proper steps are taken to reduce the chances of error.

Inside the column, the various components are separated and the detector measures the quantity of the components that exit the column. In simple distillation the column was shorter, allowing less room for the two different compounds to fully separate. High speed mass spectrometer as a gas chromatography detector in the determination of crude oil composition.

However, fractional distillation is typically used to separate components of a mixture on a large scale, whereas GC can be used on a much smaller scale i. Strictly speaking, GLPC is the most correct and preferred terminology.

Hydrogen sulfide is detected in this procedure using gas sample injection on a gas chromatograph with a sulfur-specific flame photometric detector SS-FPDessentially a flame ionixation detector observed through a photomultiplier tube fitted with a nm window.

Next, the column through which the gas phase passes is located in an oven where the temperature of the gas can be controlled, whereas column chromatography generally has no such temperature control. It also has a lower molecular weight than toluene, so it will appear first on the gas chromatograph.

Noteworthy papers in OnePetro Breviere, J. When distilling the first 5 drops of HETP weighed in at 0. We forgot to add the boiling chip to the round-bottom flask in the simple distillation, which could have contributed to the mixture of toluene and hexane that we saw.

First, the process of separating the compounds in a mixture is carried out between a liquid stationary phase and a gas mobile phase, whereas in column chromatography the stationary phase is a solid and the mobile phase is a liquid.

A gas chromatograph GC is an analytical instrument that measures the content of various components in a sample.

The longer fractional distillation column allowed the hexane molecules with higher kinetic energy to separate from the lower-energy toluene molecules. The boiling point bp of our unknown compounds was taken from the flat regions of the fractional distillation curve.

Data and Results The distillation curves for our simple and fractional distillation See page 3 clearly demonstrate that fractional distillation separates the two compounds more completely. Toluene has a benzene ring with a methyl group attached.Essay Distillation and Fraction Distillation Lab Report; Simple Distillation, Gas Chromatography: Preparation of Synthetic Banana Oil Introduction This experiment gave us the opportunity to work with a variety of new procedures as well as practice procedures that are new to us within the past few weeks of labs.

More about Essay. Fractional distillation is also similar to gas chromatography, since both processes separate the components of a mixture primarily based on boiling point (or vapor pressure) differences.

However, fractional distillation is typically used to separate components of a mixture on a large scale, whereas GC can be used on a much smaller scale (i.e. Fractional Distillation and Gas Chromatography Background Distillation The previous lab used distillation to separate a mixture of hexane and toluene.

Gas Chromatography: Purifying alcohol Introduction The goal of this lab is to understand the principles of chromatography by purifying alcohol using fractional distillation.

Fractional Distillation - Separation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons

Running standards with gas chromatography we were able to see and calibrate our data to find not only how much ethanol our alcohol attained but also what a mixed unknown.

Essays Tagged: "Gas chromatography" Fractional Distillation and Gas Chromatography. CHEM Experiment 2: Fractional Distillation and Gas ChromatographyIntroduction:The purpose of this experiment was to separate a. View Essay - Fractional Distillation Lab Report from CH C at University of Texas.

Fractional Distillation and Gas Chromatography Written By: Katie Banas Date Performed: Lab: Tuesday97%(36).

Fractional distillation and gas chromatography essay
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