Like anyone who has developed a skill in performing a complex and difficult activity, the virtuous person takes pleasure in exercising his intellectual skills. Philia is a wider term than friendship; it includes some relationships that we would not call friendships.
Human happiness does not consist in every kind of pleasure, but it does consist in one kind of pleasure—the pleasure felt by a human being who engages in theoretical activity and thereby imitates the pleasurable thinking of god. Aristotle clearly defines 3 different types of friendship in the Nicomachean Ethics.
Surely someone who never felt this emotion to any degree could still live a perfectly happy life. It is this second thesis that is most likely to be found objectionable. According to Aristotle the potential for this virtue is by nature in humans, but whether virtues come to be present or not is not determined by human nature.
Relationship of Ethics and Politics. But despite this, even if not divine, it is one of the most divine things, and "for what is greatest and most beautiful to be left to chance would be too discordant".
If I am enjoying a conversation, for example, I do not need to wait until it is finished in order to feel pleased; I take pleasure in the activity all along the way.
It is natural that the element of justice increases with the nearness of the friendship.
Newburyport, Focus Publishing, a But it is not only necessary but also noble; for we praise those who love their friends, and it is thought to be a fine thing to have many friends; and again we think it is the same people that are good men and are friends. This will happen often as a byproduct of sharing experiences but often further confidences are necessary.
Aristotle does not deny that when we take pleasure in an activity we get better at it, but when he says that pleasure completes an activity by supervening on it, like the bloom that accompanies those who have achieved the highest point of physical beauty, his point is that the activity complemented by pleasure is already perfect, and the pleasure that accompanies it is a bonus that serves no further purpose.
But the good is something that cannot be improved upon in this way. Virtues and Deficiencies, Continence and Incontinence Aristotle distinguishes two kinds of virtue a1— A good person starts from worthwhile concrete ends because his habits and emotional orientation have given him the ability to recognize that such goals are within reach, here and now.
By contrast, pleasure, like seeing and many other activities, is not something that comes into existence through a developmental process. But the son, if he is wicked, will naturally avoid aiding his father, or not be zealous about it; for most people wish to get benefits, but avoid doing them, as a thing unprofitable.
The grandest expression of ethical virtue requires great political power, because it is the political leader who is in a position to do the greatest amount of good for the community.
But the man who is in a state of need and inferiority makes the opposite claim; they think it is the part of a good friend to help those who are in need; what, they say, is the use of being the friend of a good man or a powerful man, if one is to get nothing out of it?
In one of several important methodological remarks he makes near the beginning of the Nicomachean Ethics, he says that in order to profit from the sort of study he is undertaking, one must already have been brought up in good habits b4—6. First, when a sick person experiences some degree of pleasure as he is being restored to health, the pleasure he is feeling is caused by the fact that he is no longer completely ill.
As the friendship develops, an intricate web of reciprocal and mutual dispositions, beliefs, understandings, feelings, etc. What Aristotle has in mind when he talks about theoria is the activity of someone who has already achieved theoretical wisdom. However, most of the comparison between politics and friendship comes from the virtuous friend.
Therefore if we can we should return the equivalent of what we have received for we must not make a man our friend against his will; we must recognize that we were mistaken at the first and took a benefit from a person we should not have taken it from-since it was not from a friend, nor from one who did it just for the sake of acting so-and we must settle up just as if we had been benefited on fixed terms.The Nicomachean Ethics is widely considered one of the most important historical philosophical works, The treatment of friendship in the Nicomachean Ethics is longer than that of any other topic, and comes just before the conclusion of the whole inquiry.
and that to achieve it means to live in accordance not with our mortal thoughts but.
Friendship in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Jason Ader Parkland College The Nicomachean Ethics is the name normally given to Aristotle's best known work on ethics. The work consists of ten books and is understood to be based on notes from his.
Nicomachean Ethics/5 good judge of that subject, and the man who has received an all-round education is a good judge in general.
Hence a young man is not a proper and, further, since he tends to follow his passions, his study will be vain and unprofitable, because the end aimed at is not knowledge but action. And it makes no difference. Dec 14, · Aristotle wrote on a vast amount of subjects during his lifetime, such as biology, chemistry, physics, ethics and logic.
In one of his most popular works, Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle discusses a variety of these subjects in order to find virtue and moral character.
One of the virtues which Aristotle examines quite extensively is Author: Ty. The Nicomachean Ethics has engaged the serious interest of readers across centuries and civilizations—of peoples ancient, Share your thoughts with other customers.
translation essay english text certain collins translations interpretive greek footnotes terms bartlett serious class meaning friendship page choice justice politics.
See more/5(37). The difference between continence and temperance lies in the fact that for a temperate man his desires are in line with his reason. Friendship is a necessary part of the good life.
There are three types of friendship: friendship based on usefulness, friendship based on pleasure and friendship based on virtue.Download